Managing the training of the body is some much easier when you know the names of the muscles you are trying to develop or get stronger. Below we have a list of Muscle names. Which are linked to a breakdown of each muscle with exercise to work that muscle?

Basic Anatomical Terms

Anatomical position: In this position, the body is straight in standing position with eyes also looking straight. The palms are hanging by the sides close to the body and are facing forwards. The feet also point forwards and the legs are fully extended. Anatomical position is very important because the relations of all structures are described as presumed to be in anatomical position.

Supine position: In this position, the body is lying down with face pointing upwards. All the remaining positions are similar to anatomical position with the only difference of being in a horizontal plane rather than a vertical plane.

Prone position: This is the position in which the back of the body is directed upwards. The body lies in a horizontal plane with face directed downwards.

Anterior means towards the front.

Posterior means towards the back.

Superior means towards the head.

Inferior means towards the feet.

Medial means towards the median plane (near the middle of the body).

Lateral means away from the median plane (away from the middle of the body).

Anatomical terms for limbs:

Proximal means near the trunk

Distal means away from the trunk

Preaxial border means the outer border in the upper limb and inner border in the lower limb.

Postaxial border means outer border in upper limb and inner border in lower limb

Flexor surface means anterior surface of the upper limb and posterior surface of the lower limb

Extensor surface means the posterior surface of upper limb and anterior surface of the lower limb.

Anatomical terms for describing muscles:

Origin: The relatively fixed end of muscle during natural movements of the muscle

Insertion: The relatively mobile end of the muscle during natural movements of the muscle

Belly: The fat fleshy part of the muscle which is contractile in function

Tendon: The fibrous and non-contractile part of the muscle which attaches muscle to the bone.

Aponeurosis: It is a flattened tendon arising from the connective tissues around the muscle.

Anatomical terms for describing movements:

Movements of limbs

Movements of limbs

Flexion: A movement by which the angle of a joint is decreased

Extension: A movement by which the angle of a joint is increased

Adduction: Movement toward the central axis

Abduction: Movement away from the central axis

Medial rotation: Rotation toward the medial side of the body

Lateral rotation: Rotation towards the lateral side of the body

Pronation: This movement occurs in the forearm whereby the palm is turned backward

Supination: This movement also occurs in the forearm whereby the palm is turned forwards

Trunk Muscle names

Neck Muscle names


Levator Scapulae


Rotator Cuff muscles name



Teres Major

Teres Minor


Arm Muscle names




Upper Trunk muscles names


Serratus Anterior

Erector Spinae

Pectoralis Major

Pectoralis Minor

Core Muscles names

Latissimus Dorsi

Erector Spinae

Rectus Abdominus

External Obliques

Internal Obliques

Transversus Abdominus

Quadratus Lumborum

Hips and upper leg muscle  names

Glutus Medius

Glutes Maximus

Glutes Minimus


Psoas Major and Minor

Quadriceps muscle names

Rectus Femoris

Vastus Lateralis

Vastus Medialis

Vastus Intermedialis

Hamstring Muscle names

Bicep femoris



Adductor Longus

Adductor Magus

Adductor Brevis




Lower leg muscles



Peroneus Longus

Peroneus Brevis

Tibilalis Anterior

Tibilalis Posterior

Extensor Longus (digitorum Longus)

Extensor Hallucis Longus

We Have a few other fit library workout pages below

Best Trx exercises 

Best total gym exercises

Best dumbbell exercises 

Best barbell exercises

Best core stability exercises 

Best Bodyweight exercises