Managing the training of the body is some much easier when you know the names of the muscles you are trying to develop or get stronger. Below we have a list of Muscle names. Which are linked to a breakdown of each muscle with exercise to work that muscle?
Basic Anatomical Terms
Anatomical position: In this position, the body is straight in standing position with eyes also looking straight. The palms are hanging by the sides close to the body and are facing forwards. The feet also point forwards and the legs are fully extended. Anatomical position is very important because the relations of all structures are described as presumed to be in anatomical position.
Supine position: In this position, the body is lying down with face pointing upwards. All the remaining positions are similar to anatomical position with the only difference of being in a horizontal plane rather than a vertical plane.
Prone position: This is the position in which the back of the body is directed upwards. The body lies in a horizontal plane with face directed downwards.
Anterior means towards the front.
Posterior means towards the back.
Superior means towards the head.
Inferior means towards the feet.
Medial means towards the median plane (near the middle of the body).
Lateral means away from the median plane (away from the middle of the body).
Anatomical terms for limbs:
Proximal means near the trunk
Distal means away from the trunk
Preaxial border means the outer border in the upper limb and inner border in the lower limb.
Postaxial border means outer border in upper limb and inner border in lower limb
Flexor surface means anterior surface of the upper limb and posterior surface of the lower limb
Extensor surface means the posterior surface of upper limb and anterior surface of the lower limb.
Anatomical terms for describing muscles:
Origin: The relatively fixed end of muscle during natural movements of the muscle
Insertion: The relatively mobile end of the muscle during natural movements of the muscle
Belly: The fat fleshy part of the muscle which is contractile in function
Tendon: The fibrous and non-contractile part of the muscle which attaches muscle to the bone.
Aponeurosis: It is a flattened tendon arising from the connective tissues around the muscle.
Anatomical terms for describing movements:
Flexion: A movement by which the angle of a joint is decreased
Extension: A movement by which the angle of a joint is increased
Adduction: Movement toward the central axis
Abduction: Movement away from the central axis
Medial rotation: Rotation toward the medial side of the body
Lateral rotation: Rotation towards the lateral side of the body
Pronation: This movement occurs in the forearm whereby the palm is turned backward
Supination: This movement also occurs in the forearm whereby the palm is turned forwards
Trunk Muscle names
Neck Muscle names
Rotator Cuff muscles name
Arm Muscle names
Upper Trunk muscles names
Core Muscles names
Hips and upper leg muscle names
Quadriceps muscle names
Hamstring Muscle names