Muscle Names and Exercises to Help Train Health and Performance

Muscle names

 

Understanding the makeup of the body and the muscle names is key to help develop it. Improving it on the way to optimal health and performance. On this page is a list of the muscle names with exercises to help develop that muscle and understanding. Improving the training of the body is so much easier when you know the names of the muscles you are trying to develop or get stronger. Below we have a list of Muscle names. Which are linked to a breakdown of each muscle with exercise to work that muscle?

Trunk Muscle names

Neck Muscle names

Sternocleidomastoid

The sternocleidomastoid, which is also known as the sternomastoid and as the sternocleidomastoideus, is a long muscle in the neck that rotates the neck and flex the head.

Deltoids

The deltoid muscles (sometimes called the deltoideus muscles) are thick triangular muscles that cover the shoulder joints. There is one deltoid muscle over each shoulder joint.

Each deltoid muscle can be described in terms of three parts that originate from three distinct sets of fibers or ‘heads’. They are:

  • Anterior Part: Originating in the anterior or ‘clavicular’ fibers, also known as the anterior deltoid or the front delts.
  • Lateral Part: Originating in the lateral or ‘acromial’ fibers, also known as the lateral deltoid.
  • Posterior Part: Originating in posterior or ‘spinal’ fibers, also known as the called posterior deltoid, or the rear deltoid or rear delts.

Trapezius

The trapezius muscle is a large flat superficial triangular muscle covering the back of the neck and shoulder.

It is sometimes described in terms of three parts or regions of the trapezius muscle. They are the:

  • Superior (upper) fibers, also called the ‘descending fibers’
  • Middle fibers, and the
  • Inferior (lower) fibers, also called the ‘ascending fibers’.

Rotator Cuff muscle names

Supraspinatus

The supraspinatus muscles are a pair of deep muscles, one on each side of the body, located above the spine of the scapula, which is a feature on the scapula (shoulder bone). These can be studied in relation to the infraspinatus muscles, which are located below the spine of the scapula, on the scapula bone.

The supraspinatus muscles are among the four rotator cuff muscles (on each side of the body) that help to support the head of the humerus in place in the glenoid cavity.

Infraspinatus

The infraspinatus muscles are a pair of deep muscles, one on each side of the body, located below the spine of the scapula, which is a feature on the scapula (shoulder bone). These can be studied in relation to the supraspinatus muscles, which are located above the spine of the scapula, on the scapula bone.

The infraspinatus muscles are among the four rotator cuff muscles (on each side of the body) that help to support the head of the humerus in place in the glenoid cavity.

Teres Major

 

The teres major muscles are a pair of muscles, one on each side of the body, located towards the back of the shoulder joint. The teres major muscles can be studied in relation to the teres minor muscles, which are located above the teres major muscles.

Teres Minor

The teres minor muscles are a pair of muscles, one on each side of the body, located towards the back of the shoulder joint. They can be studied in relation to the teres major muscles, which are located below the teres minor muscles.

Subscapularis

The subscapularis muscles are among the four rotator cuff muscles (on each side of the body) that help to support the head of the humerus in place in the glenoid cavity

Arm Muscle names

Biceps

The biceps brachii is a pair of muscles located in each of the upper arms of the human body.

 

Triceps

The triceps brachii are muscles located in each of the upper arms of the human body.

Just as the word ‘biceps’ refers to a muscle that has two heads i.e. two points of origin, the word ‘triceps‘ that forms part of the name of the triceps brachii muscles refers to the fact that these muscles have three heads, that is three points of origin –

Upper Trunk muscle names

Rhomboids

The rhomboid major muscles are deep muscles located in the upper-back (posterior torso) of the human body.

The rhomboid major muscles are immediately below (inferior to) the rhomboid minor muscles. Both of these are pairs of muscles located on each side of the upper-spine, between the shoulder blades.

The rhomboid minor muscles are deep muscles located in the upper-back (posterior torso) of the human body.

The rhomboid minor muscles are immediately above (superior to) the rhomboid major muscles. Both of these are pairs of muscles located on each side of the upper-spine, between the shoulder blades.

 

Core Muscle names

Latissimus Dorsi

The latissimus dorsi muscles* are broad superficial muscles that extend across much of the back and around the sides of the upper-torso.

Erector Spinae

The erector spinal muscles are a set of three overlapping groups of deep muscles. Together these muscle groups, which are situated along the spine, or ‘vertebral column’, of the human body, form the largest area of muscle on the posterior (back) of the human torso.

Rectus Abdominus

The rectus abdominus is a superficial muscle located at the front (anterior) of the body. When toned it can look like a group of muscles, as explained below. It is also known as the abdominals or sometimes merely abs.

External Obliques

The external oblique muscles are situated on the anterior and lateral parts of the abdomen. Due to their lateral location, these muscles can also be included in some views and descriptions of the posterior muscles of the human torso.

Internal Obliques

The internal oblique muscles are deep muscles of the anterior and lateral parts of the abdomen. Due to their lateral location, they can also be included in some views and descriptions of the posterior muscles of the human torso.

Transversus Abdominus

The abdominus transversalis, also known as the transversus abdominis, is a deep muscle located across the abdomen. It is the deepest (innermost) abdominal muscle and is situated underneath the rectus abdominus.

 

Hips and upper leg muscle names

Glutus Medius

The gluteus medius muscles are a pair of muscles located in the buttocks and responsible for the movement of the thighs.

Glutes Maximus

The gluteus maximus muscles are a pair of muscles located in the buttocks and responsible for the movement of the thighs.

Glutes Minimus

The gluteus minimus muscles are a pair of muscles located in the buttocks and responsible for the movement of the thighs.

lilacus

The iliacus muscles are flat triangular muscles located in the groin area at the front (anterior) of each side of the body. There is one iliacus muscle at the top of each leg.

Psoas Major

The psoas major is a long deep muscle that originates in the lumbar (lower-back) part of the body, passes anterior to (in front of) the ilium bone and is inserted into the top of the femur (‘thigh bone’).

Quadriceps muscle names

Rectus Femoris

The rectus femoris muscles are among the quadriceps muscles located in the upper anterior (anterior = ‘front’) of each of the legs of the human body.

Vastus Lateralis

The vastus lateralis muscles are located in the upper anterior (anterior = ‘front’) of the legs of the human body.

Vastus Medialis

The vastus medialis muscles are located in the upper anterior (anterior = ‘front’) of the legs of the human body.

Vastus Intermedialis

The vastus intermedius muscles are located in the upper anterior (anterior = ‘front’) of the legs of the human body.

Hamstring muscle names

Bicep femoris

The biceps femoris muscles are a pair of muscles located in each of the posterior upper-legs of the human body.

The word ‘biceps’ refers to a muscle that has two heads

Semimembranosus

The semimembranosus muscles are located at the back (‘posterior’) of each of the upper-legs and are among the hamstring muscles.

Semitendinosus

The semitendinosus muscles are located at the back (‘posterior’) of each of the upper-legs and are among the hamstring muscles.

[Divider]

Adductor Longus

The adductor longus is a muscle located in the inside upper-thigh.

It is easy to work out the function of the adductor longus because an adductor is any muscle that moves one part of the body towards another, or towards the mid-line of the body. The adductor longus, one of which is located in each leg, moves the leg towards the mid-line of the body.

Adductor Magus

The adductor magnus is a muscle located in the inside upper-thigh.

It is easy to work out the function of the adductor magnus because an adductor is any muscle that moves one part of the body towards another, or towards the mid-line of the body.

Adductor Brevis

The adductor brevis is a muscle of the inside upper-thigh. It belongs to the adductor muscle group that also includes the adductor longus and the adductor magnus muscles.

It is easy to work out the function of the adductor brevis because an adductor is any muscle that moves one part of the body towards another, or towards the mid-line of the body. The adductor brevis, one of which is located in each leg, helps to move the leg towards the mid-line of the body.

Gracilis

The gracilis muscles are a pair of muscles located in each of the upper-legs of the human body.

Sartorius

The sartorius muscles are located in each of the legs and are the longest muscles in the human body.

 

Lower leg muscles

Gastrocnemius

The gastrocnemius muscles are a pair of muscles located in each of the lower-legs of the human body. In each case, the gastrocnemius muscle forms much of the calf of the leg.

Soleus

The soleus muscles are a pair of muscles located in each of the lower-legs of the human body.

The two soleus muscles, one of which is located in each leg, are located beneath the corresponding gastrocnemius muscle

 

 

 

Leave a Reply